Whether you’re sending an email to someone in your organization, a hiring manager, a marketing agency, or as part of a cold email campaign, formatting matters. Not only is it important to come off as professional, but the email also needs to be easy to read and get the point across in a clear, concise way. If you’ve ever found yourself asking, “How do you format an email?” we’ve got you covered.
You should format any professional email similarly to a typical business letter—leave white space between each paragraph and watch out for any typos and grammatical errors. Before we dive into each aspect of a message, here are some quick tips on how to format an email:
So, what is the proper format for an email? It all starts with the subject line.
Make sure to include a subject line in every single email you send. If you leave it out, the chances of someone opening your email are next to none. The subject line is the perfect place to summarize the reason for your email. Keep it brief, simple, and informative.
Here are some examples of great subject lines for a professional email:
One of the worst things you can do when writing a professional email is not addressing it to a specific person. Think about it—if you opened an email and it began with “Dear Sales Team” or “Dear Marketing Agency,” would you bother reading the rest? Probably not. If you don’t have the person’s name available, you can likely find it by checking the business’s LinkedIn page or calling the company’s front desk.
Also, when addressing someone in a professional email, avoid “Hey,” “Hello,” and “Hi.” Sticking with the more formal “Dear” is always a safe bet.
Most of the time, you only need three short paragraphs in a professional email. Sometimes, you may need more to relay your entire message, but the shorter, the better. The three paragraphs you should include are:
There are many appropriate ways to close a formal email. The most important thing is to avoid being overly casual. Some great ways to close a professional email include:
Be careful of using casual phrases like:
After the closing, you should include your email signature. It should consist of, at a minimum, your name and email address. If appropriate, you should also include your phone number so that the recipient can get in touch with you directly. On top of that, you could include a link to your LinkedIn profile so information about you or your company is easily accessible.
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Here’s the best, simplest email format for sending a professional message:
Subject line: Short, simple, and to the point. Summarize your email in a few words.
Greeting: “Dear [First & Last Name]” or “Dear [Mr./Mrs. Last Name]”
First paragraph: Be clear and direct. In this paragraph, you should introduce yourself and state the reason for your email. Whether you’re applying for a job, asking questions about a meeting, or offering a product or service, mention it in the first few sentences.
Second paragraph: This section should go into more detail about the reason for your message. If you’re applying for a job, state what benefit you can bring to the company. When you have questions, ask them—don’t ramble on. And if you’re selling something, be direct and describe how your product or service can solve the recipient’s problems.
Third paragraph: Conclude your professional email by thanking the recipient for their time and consideration. Be polite and respectful, but don’t act like they’re your best friend or like you’re doing them a huge favor by getting in touch.
Closing: “Sincerely/Respectfully/Best/etc. [Your First & Last Name]”
Signature: [Your First & Last Name]/ [Your email address]/ [Your phone number] (optional) / [Your LinkedIn Profile URL] (optional)
Formatting and writing a professional cold email follows many of the same guidelines as typical business letters do, but there are a few nuances.
Let’s look at the two most common formats of cold emails and best practices to follow:
AIDA (attention, interest, desire, and action) is one of the most powerful formats for cold emailing. Here’s what it looks like:
Greeting: “Hi [First Name]” (More casual greetings are common in cold emails, but “Dear” should almost always be used for formal cases like a typical business email.)
First paragraph: Rather than introducing yourself as you would in a typical business email, you want to start off by recognizing a problem that the company or person likely faces that your products or services solve.
Second paragraph: Briefly introduce your product and state how it can solve their problem and what specific benefits it can bring for them/their business.
Third paragraph: Here’s where to include a brief, specific call to action. For example, “Want to see how [Product] can increase your [ROI/leads/sales/etc.]? Let me know a good time to schedule a personalized demo.”
BAB (before, after, bridge) is another powerful format that uses the power of motivation to trigger a response. Here’s what it looks like:
Greeting: “Hi [First Name]”
First paragraph: Start off with an intriguing question. For example, “What would your company do with 200% more leads?” Follow up with a statistic from one (or more) of your customers that shows your product bringing them that benefit.
Second paragraph: Show them that the customer you mentioned above is similar in size and industry to the company you’re reaching out to.
Third paragraph: Confidently state that you can help them achieve the same results. Include a call to action to schedule a call or demo.
Looking for more? Check out these 17 effective email templates!
Once you’ve mastered how to format an email, the next important area to focus on is your follow-up email. Why is following up on your cold emails so crucial? Just look at these two sales follow-up statistics:
If you’re not sure where to start with your follow-up emails, we’ve put together these 14 templates to help you make the sale.
Ready to up your email game? Sign up for the free Cold Email Masterclass: Learn how to format, write, and optimize the best professional emails, including cold emails and follow-ups.